Monitoring extra time for hourly staff could be one of many largest complications for small enterprise house owners managing payroll on their very own. In the event you’re a type of enterprise house owners, you may be questioning: Is extra time taxed extra?

It’s straightforward for the extra time hour rely to get out of hand as you handle a busy group, particularly with out time monitoring instruments with extra time alerts to warn you earlier than it’s time to do payroll.

So, how will these extra time hours have an effect on your payroll taxes?

Right here’s the brief reply: Additional time itself isn’t taxed extra. However extra time earnings can push extra time staff into a brand new tax bracket. 

Don’t fear — we’re going to reply your questions on extra time taxes and exemptions, so you’re feeling empowered sufficient to run your individual payroll with out having to show to knowledgeable. Let’s dive in to study extra about extra time pay, easy methods to calculate taxes with extra time, and extra time tax exemptions.

Is extra time taxed extra?

Additional time hours — which the Department of Labor considers any hours labored outdoors a full-time, 40-hour week — aren’t taxed extra. When working hourly payroll, you’ll withhold the identical taxes from an worker’s extra time wages that you’d from their common wages. 

You don’t must make two separate calculations when withholding federal, state, and FICA (Federal Insurance coverage Contributions Act, i.e. Social Safety and Medicare) taxes out of your worker’s earnings. 

An worker’s extra time earnings can push them into the subsequent tax bracket, nonetheless, during which case the IRS and state tax a higher share of their gross earnings, which includes their mixed common and extra time earnings.

How is extra time taxed?

In the event you’re running your first payroll for an worker who labored extra time, deduct taxes from the sum of their extra time and common earnings. So, in the event that they made $1,000 in common earnings and $300 in extra time earnings, you’ll add these quantities collectively and give you a sum of $1,300. 

On payday, right here’s what you’ll withhold from that $1,300:

Worker-paid taxes

  • Federal earnings taxes, that are primarily based on worker earnings and W-4 withholding allowances
  • FICA taxes: 6.2% for Social Safety and 1.45% for Medicare

Employer-paid taxes

  • FUTA (Federal Unemployment Tax Act) taxes: An employer pays a 6.0% tax on the primary $7,000 of worker earnings
  • SUI (State Unemployment Insurance coverage): An employer pays a tax primarily based on a state-provided fee

You may relaxation straightforward figuring out there’s no particular extra time tax. You’ll simply withhold the required taxes from an worker’s whole earnings for that pay interval, which is common plus extra time earnings.

Sure, extra extra time work can imply withholding extra taxes, however that’s as a result of staff simply get taxed at the next fee when their extra time earnings transfer them to the subsequent tax bracket.

Additional time tax brackets

As a result of the authorized extra time fee of pay is 1.5 instances an worker’s common hourly fee, staying on high of your small enterprise labor costs means keeping track of pricey extra time hours. It may well additionally complicate worker taxes if their extra time hours push them into the next tax bracket.

Let’s have a look at just a few 2022 annual earnings tax brackets for single filers to see why that issues:

Taxable earnings (for the yr) Tax due (for the yr)
As much as however not over $10,275 10% of the taxable earnings
Over $10,275 however not over $41,775 $1,027.50 + 12% of the surplus over $10,275
Over $41,774 however not over $89,074 $4,807.50 + 22% of the surplus over $41,775

Right here’s the place it will get difficult: If an worker makes $800 per week in 2022, you must withhold taxes primarily based on the second tax bracket on this chart. 

But when they work extra time hours throughout per week in July and make $1,000, that pushes them to the third bracket. Meaning you’ll must withhold extra federal earnings taxes from their paycheck that week than you usually would.

How is extra time tax calculated?

Whereas there’s no particular ‘extra time tax,’ you’ll have to calculate taxes for extra time similar to you’ll for normal taxes. 

Calculate your worker’s extra time tax

When running payroll, tax your worker’s extra time wages along with their common wages. Let’s check out the way you’d calculate the FITW (Federal Earnings Tax Withholdings) for an instance worker, Joaquin, who we’ll faux you pay weekly.

  1. Work out your worker’s whole taxable earnings. Joaquin makes $18 per hour and works 40 hours per week, so he made $720 in common wages.
    However Joaquin additionally labored 7 additional hours of extra time this week. So, based on the Truthful Labor Requirements Act, you must pay him time-and-a-half, or 1.5 instances his hourly wage for every extra time hour. Joaquin’s extra time fee is $27 an hour, and he made ‌$189 in extra time wages. 
    Add the common pay and extra time pay collectively to determine what Joaquin’s taxable earnings is:
    $720 (common earnings) + $189 (extra time earnings) = $909 (whole taxable earnings)
  2. Decide your worker’s submitting standing. Use Joaquin’s Type W-4 to find out whether or not he has any dependents. His submitting standing is marked as ‘single,’ and he hasn’t indicated every other withholdings. Meaning he’ll have the utmost FITW taken from his paycheck in comparison with different staff who file collectively and/or have dependents.
  3. Use the Wage Bracket Methodology tables within the IRS’s Publication 15-T to calculate your worker’s earnings tax withholdings. Go to web page 11 for the ‘Wage Bracket Methodology Tables for Guide Payroll Programs with Types W-4 from 2020 or Later.’ Use the worksheet, or just scroll all the way down to the Weekly Payroll Interval tables till you discover Joaquin’s wage bracket for that week. As a result of he made $909 that week, and since he has customary withholding standing as a single filer, you’ll withhold a typical deduction of $75 in earnings taxes for Joaquin.

It’s doable to do payroll taxes manually, nevertheless it takes time to calculate earnings tax withholdings for each worker. That’s why we suggest utilizing an automatic payroll provider software program like Homebase to keep away from tax legal responsibility and make this course of sooner, simpler, and error-free.

Are there any exemptions to the extra time tax legal guidelines?

Realizing in case your staff are exempt from extra time tax legal guidelines means determining whether or not they’re exempt from extra time pay. In response to the FLSA (Truthful Labor Requirements Act), staff are exempt from extra time pay in the event that they meet these necessities:

  • You pay them on a wage foundation: You pay an worker an annual wage fairly than an hourly fee.
  • You pay them the federal minimal weekly requirement. As of January 2020, staff aren’t entitled to extra time pay if their employer pays them a weekly minimal wage of $684 per week.  
  • Worker obligations move the duties check for exempt white-collar staff. Employers don’t must pay extra time if their staff’ job description passes the duties check for govt, administrative, {and professional} staff. For instance, the FLSA outlines the primary duty of professional workers as one which entails “invention, creativeness, originality, or expertise in a acknowledged area of creative or artistic endeavor.”

Go to Homebase’s state labor laws hub to study extra about your state’s necessities for workers who’re exempt and non-exempt from extra time pay.

How Homebase can automate your payroll taxes

As a small enterprise proprietor manually monitoring time and working your individual payroll, it’s not simply taxes that fear you about extra time — it’s payroll compliance as effectively. You wish to be sure to’re doing the whole lot you may to observe your native labor pointers for extra time.

Homebase’s free time clock device takes that off your plate with computerized clock-outs and alerts notifying you when staff are getting near extra time.

You too can use it to arrange break and extra time guidelines that can maintain you compliant with federal, state, and native labor legal guidelines, in addition to FLSA guidelines.

Final however not least, Homebase’s HR tools and payroll features embody an intensive library of assets, guides, templates, and automations that can assist you get began so that you simply don’t must grow to be your individual HR knowledgeable when payday comes round.

Additional time tax FAQs

Why is extra time taxed?

Additional time is taxed as a result of the IRS nonetheless considers it a part of an worker’s earnings. Though no particular extra time tax exists, you continue to must withhold federal earnings and FICA taxes from an worker’s extra time wages.

Does extra time get taxed in a different way than common time?

Additional time doesn’t get taxed any in a different way than common wages. Additional time wages can, nonetheless, enhance an worker’s gross pay sufficient that they’ll transfer into the next tax bracket. For instance, if an worker who normally earns $800 per week works sufficient extra time to earn $1,000 in a single week, you’ll must withhold extra federal earnings taxes than you normally do throughout that week.

What are the tax brackets for 2022?

Under are the annual federal earnings tax brackets for 2022 based on the IRS’s Publication 15 – T. Understand that these tax brackets are for normal withholding and never for workers who’ve checked the field in Step 2 of Type W – 4:


Married Submitting Collectively
A minimum of— However lower than— The tentative quantity to withhold is— Plus this share— Of the quantity that the Adjusted Annual Wage or Cost exceeds—
$0  $13,000 $0.00  $0.00  0% $0
$13,000  $33,550  $0.00  10%  $13,000
$33,550  $96,550  $2,055.00  12%  $33,550
$96,550  $191,150  $9,615.00 22%  $96,550
$191,150  $$353,100  $30,427.00  24%  $191,150
$353,100  $444,900  $69,295.00  32%  $353,100
$444,900  $660,850  $98,671.00  35%  $444,900
$660,850  $174,253.50  37%  $660,850


Single or Married Submitting Individually
A minimum of— However lower than— The tentative quantity to withhold is— Plus this share— Of the quantity that the Adjusted Annual Wage or Cost exceeds—
$0  $4,350  $0.00  0% $0
$4,350  $14,625  $0.00  10%  $4,350
$14,625  $46,125  $1,027.50  12%  $14,625 
$46,125  $93,425  $4,807.50  22%  $46,125
$93,425  $174,400  $15,213.50  24%  $93,425
$174,400  $220,300  $34,647.50  32%  $174,400
$220,300  $544,250  $49,335.50  35%  $220,300
$544,250  $162,718.00  37%  $544,250


Head of Family
A minimum of— However lower than— The tentative quantity to withhold is— Plus this share— Of the quantity that the Adjusted Annual Wage or Cost exceeds—
$0  $10,800  $0.00  0%  $0
$10,800  $25,450  $0.00  10%  $10,800
$25,450 $66,700  $1,465.00  12%  $25,450
$66,700  $99,850  $6,415.00  22%  $66,700
$99,850  $180,850  $13,708.00  24%  $99,850
$180,850  $226,750  $33,148.00  32%  $180,850
$226,750  $550,700  $47,836.00  35%  $226,750
$550,700  $161,218.50  37%  $550,700


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